Died cosmonaut Georgy Grechko
On the night of April 8 to 86-year life died pilot-cosmonaut, twice Hero of Soviet Union Georgy Grechko. It is reported portal "Space News." Later, relatives and "Roskosmos" confirmed the information about his death.
On the eve of cosmonaut Georgy Grechko was transported in serious condition in Moscow 81-th city hospital them. Veresaeva with suspected minor stroke. Dad died of heart failure, said his daughter, Olga.
According to a relative of the astronaut, Grechko, "died today at 6:40 am MSK 81 in the hospital." "In the last few minutes with him was his wife, Lyudmila, cause of death - heart failure," - added companion RBC, noting that the family Grechko "very loved and remembered." "He was a very bright man," - she concluded
Georgy committed during his professional career 3 space flights, the total length of which is 134 days 20 hours 32 minutes and 58 seconds. Kosmonavt also makes one EVA to 1 hour 28 minutes.
Earlier, Grechko said in an interview with "RG", as skydiving broke his leg: "I was once with the airfield was taken to the Burdenko hospital Then, when the Soviet Soyuz, I, too, like modern workers have been insured and the insurance was decent.. money at that time. at the hospital, I asked to not cause any light of medical science. It was at night. I looked at the doctor on duty and right "gathered" my leg. "
Georgy Grechko was born May 25, 1931 in Leningrad (now - St. Petersburg). Father Mikhail Fedorovich Grechko (1901-1978) was a native of Ukraine, worked as a researcher. The mother of Alexander Y. Grechko (1907-1969; nee - Kapustin) - from Belarus, engineer. Shortly before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War Georgy Grechko was sent to parents on vacation to her grandmother in the Ukraine, two years was occupied by Nazi troops on the territory. In Leningrad back in 1943
In 1955, he graduated from the Leningrad Order of the Red Banner Military Mechanical Institute (now -. Baltic State Technical University "Voenmech" they Ustinov), received a mechanical engineer.
In 1967 he defended his thesis on the landing system of automatic interplanetary station "Luna-9" and "Luna-13". In 1984 he received the degree of Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences.
In 1947 he participated in the polar geological exploration party on the Kola Peninsula.
After graduation he worked as an engineer, senior engineer, head of the group in the OKB-1 in Kaliningrad, Moscow region. (Later - Central Design Bureau for Machine Building, TSKBEM NGOs "Energy", now - RSC "Energia" SP Korolev, Korolev.). He participated in the preparation of the launch of Sputnik (1957) and other Soviet satellites.
May 27, 1968 was enrolled in the cosmonaut corps TSKBEM (since 2011 there is a single cosmonaut state corporation "Roscosmos" in Russian). Ready to fly on the Soviet lunar program, on ships such as "Union" and orbital station "Salyut".
Georgy Grechko made three space flights for a total of 134 days. 20 h 32 min. 58 sec. and one EVA (1 h 28 min.). His first space flight took place in January - February 1975, he was a flight engineer of the ship "Soyuz-17" and the first major expedition to the orbital station "Salyut-4".
In the second flight, from December 1977 to March 1978, he was the flight engineer Georgy Grechko "Soyuz-26" and the first major expedition to station "Salyut-6". Once spacewalks to test if the docking station.
The third flight in September 1985 as a flight engineer was a member of the short-term visiting crew station "Salyut-7"; I started on the ship "Soyuz T-14" returned to the "Soyuz T-13".
The number in an astronaut until June 5, 1986
From 1986 to 1992 he was head of the Laboratory of the Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the atmosphere (now - the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences). Since March 1992 he worked as a senior scientific officer of the Institute.
In the late 1990s - early 2000s. held senior positions in Investsberbank (since 2008 - OTP Bank).
He was the deputy chairman of the Soviet Peace Committee (1979-1992), chairman of the International Federation for Peace and Reconciliation (1993-1995), president of the North-Western Interregional Public Organization Cosmonautics Federation of Russia (2002-2008). It has been the leading program "This fantasy world" on the television of the USSR (1979-1990).
The instructor-test cosmonaut of the 1st class (1978).
Twice awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union (1975, 1978) with the presentation of medals "Gold Star". He was awarded three Orders of Lenin (1975, 1978, 1985), medals "For valorous work. In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of Lenin's birth" (1970), "For development of virgin lands" (1970), "For Labor "(1961)," For merits in the exploration of space "(2011). Laureate of the State Prize of the Ukrainian SSR and the State Prize of the Estonian SSR. Marked by foreign decorations: Hero of the Czechoslovak Soviet Union (1978), the Order of Klement Gottwald (CSSR, 1978), Kirti Chakra (India, 1984).
He was awarded a gold medal. Tsiolkovsky Academy of Sciences, Gold Medal. Yuri Gagarin (the International Aeronautical Federation, FAI).
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (1975). Honorary Doctor of the Baltic State Technical University "Voenmech" them. Ustinov (St. Petersburg).
Honorary Citizen of the City: Kaluga, Angarsk (Irkutsk region.), Urai (Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area), Baikonur (Kazakhstan) and others.
He was the author of about 30 scientific publications, brochures "Start into the unknown" (1989), the book "Cosmonaut number 34. From Splinter to Aliens" (2013), co-author of the book "In the frame of - Planet" (1984). In 1975, along with cosmonaut Aleksei Gubarev took off at the station "Salyut-4" educational film "The trip into orbit."
He was married to his third marriage. Wife - Lyudmila Grechko Kirillovna doctor. Alexey sons (born in 1958.) And Michael (born in 1962.) From his first marriage, a daughter Olga (born 1979). - from the third marriage.
In St. Petersburg, in the Alley of Heroes of the Moscow Victory Park, a bronze bust of the astronaut. Grechko named named a minor planet, which he discovered during his first space flight.
The most famous quotes:
- "For more than four months, which in total I had to stay in orbit, I had to make sure: there is no better job than in space, but there is no better life than on Earth!"
- "We either stay and fly people to Mars, or will be allowed" - "Man is always overcomes difficulty goes beyond the horizon out of the cave -. A little, swam across the river - a little, from continent to continent crossed the Bering Strait, across the ocean crossed - again a little, flew a single-engine airplane Atlantic - again little man because. and the person that pulls it all the time on the horizon "
- "My dream - to live up to the contact with another civilization Previously, I did not believe in UFOs Over the years, came to the conclusion that aliens visited in the world, but for a long time I am sure that the brothers on reason there and now I hope they still come back and..... we will meet, no doubt!"
- "Seriously study the history of mankind and draw the conclusion that even in the world has always existed parallel civilization - the Celts and Druids, Egyptians and their priests, I think Someone gave us impetus to the development, helped artificially to circumvent the chimpanzee in intelligence and in relation to.. he told us, of course, was God really created us in his image and likeness "