Venezuela: how it all began
• Venezuela: how it all began
If you never had to be in Latin America, it's time to start discovering this continent. The first item on our itinerary will be Venezuela. We know a great deal about the history of the European countries and all the popular destinations of travelers traffic. What do we know about Venezuela?
This is because we call it for short. In fact - this is the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Its name is closely associated with the name of Simon Bolivar (1783-1830), Venezuela's national hero. This man fought for liberation from Spanish rule many of today's Latin America. This is Colombia and Panama, Ecuador and Peru, and, in fact, the Republic of Bolivia, whose name also keeps the memory of the liberators. Bolivar founded Gran Colombia and became its president in which included Venezuela. This state existed only for 12 years: from 1819 to 1831 years. But mark in history has left a deep, Venezuela remembers its founders.
The name "Venezuela" from Spanish means "Little Venice". It is so named this land the Spanish colonizers, who arrived here led by Amerigo Vespucci. True, he was Italian, but that his name gave the name of the entire continent. Although the Venezuela while occupied only a small town and its surroundings Loro. "Gold Rush" after the discovery of the land here has ruined more than one generation of colonizers come in large numbers. The Europeans brought with them diseases here, which no one here did not know and would not know, maybe if Spain is not interrupted chain millennial development of the region. The Spaniards used the local population as they wanted, and later switched to farming and the cultivation of cane. Labor was enough. Local Indian became quite good wives, from whom were born children with mestizos. In general, all the Spaniards gradually adjusted. But local residents fed up to 300 years to be oppressed, and they decided to take this opportunity to try to change something. At this point Simon Bolivar came to the aid of his people.
It is worth recalling another figure - Francisco de Miranda, named after its Venezuelans Forerunner. He was the first, in 1811, he announced the independence of Venezuela. The Spaniards took him captive, and picked up the baton of Simon Bolivar. He waged war until 1821, and was nicknamed the Liberator. He led the country until his death in 1830. Then, he created the Great Colombia was divided into different parts of Venezuela and became a separate independent country.
If you are interested in the name of the first president of independent Venezuela, know that it is José Antonio Páez. He, too, had to make war for the independence of his country, he became leader of the country to the rank of general. And then it began: the elections, the coup and the dictatorship that overthrew heroically to establish a personal, his dictatorship. Antonio Paes handed over power to Jose Maria Vargas, then his own and deposed, and again won the elections in 4 years, from 1839 to 1843., Became president. Paez again later handed over power, this time José Tadeo Monagas. The newly made governor wanted to be a dictator, Paes tried again to turn the coup to overthrow, and this, but it did not. Antonio Paez troops were defeated. Too volatile military Fortuna. Venezuela had to live in a dictatorship, while in 1858 there was not a revolution. After the Civil War began. You will not believe Antonio Paez again led troops and decided not to risk it again, in 1861, he became the supreme dictator. After two years, he resigned and retired. The drama of this man illustrates the drama of it all over the country, of which we are now told little. That's where the roots of the endless, full of passion, Latin American soap operas. Venezuelan political "Santa Barbara" continues to this day