The striking of the Sphinx
Egyptian Sphinx, or the Great Sphinx of Giza remains one of the most exciting mysteries of history. Archaeologists believe that the people built it, but when and who can not clearly answer until now.
Some believe if the Sphinx was the monument of the unknown supreme deity. Others believe the statue just another meaningless monument of the ancient pharaohs. Still others believe that it was not without the intervention of aliens - like, say, or explain this monumental building? And it's true, the mysteries of the Sphinx in full!
The phenomenon of the abyss
Strange, but archaeologists still can not say exactly who ordered the construction of the Sphinx. It is believed that the monument was built during the reign of Khafre, ie the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom as early as 2500 BC, however, some signs suggest that the monument is older and this age.
The unfinished masterpiece
But whoever started this construction, complete plan, he did not have time. American archaeologist Mark Lenner discovered a hidden cave nearby that contained large stones and construction tools. Apparently, the Sphinx was supposed to be a central figure in a huge sculptural paintings.
for working professionals
And the slaves did not build the Sphinx, as many believe. According to recent studies, the builders lived in prosperity and luxury, can afford very expensive while meat and even had their own brothels.
Do not confuse the Greek and Egyptian sphinxes. In Greek mythology, the Sphinx forced travelers to solve the riddle and kill those who could not cope. And Egyptian Sphinx creating much more good-natured, bestowing strength and courage to his faithful worshipers.
Sphinx once had a beard, it is a fact. Why, a fragment of it, and is now kept in the British Museum. However, some experts believe that the beard was not an original part of the monument, but it was added later. Most likely, it ordered to add to the statue of Thutmose IV at the time of reconstruction.
This is not a sphinx
Finally, technically Egyptian sphinx no sphinx. Sphinx - a winged monster of Thebes, has women's head and body of a lion. At the egyptian sphinx no wings, no female head - it is quite clearly a male. Who is it? But it is not clear.
American archaeologist Mark Lenner believes that the Egyptian Sphinx and the Giza pyramids were built by fans of the solar cult, is trying to get energy. Modern astronomers such statements only to twist a finger at his temple, but can not clearly answer how the ancient Egyptians were able to locate the Sphinx in an ordered system with the pyramids of Giza, the Nile Valley, the constellations Leo and Orion. And how the Egyptians managed to align exactly the monument in the center of the Milky Way is not quite clear.
Now it's hard to believe, but the sphinx was originally colored. Still visible near the tiny ink droplets of red color on the face and on the body of divorces of blue and yellow. Experts suggest that the original image was laid out just the same bright colors.
Sphinx and his missing nose
Dissemination of information about the nose of the Sphinx blew Napoleon no more than a legend. Based on historical documents, liability for damage to the great statue bears a devout Sufi Muslim, Muhammad Saim Al-Dah: so he was trying to reduce the religious significance of the sphinx.
According to legend, the Pharaoh Thutmose fell asleep at the paws of the Sphinx and experienced a religious revelation. From that moment the statue became a cult object, which is alive today. Of course, fans of the monument is not so much, but they are.
The largest rock monument
It's amazing how the ancient Egyptians managed to build this unique monument. Massive, tall figure of the Sphinx is officially the largest statue in the world.
Different names of
During its long history, the monument replaced a lot of names. Around 1400 BC, the statue was called "Monument of great Khepera." Then came the nickname "Grief-Akhet" and the Egyptians themselves call it "balhib" or "bilhaw".
The battle with the desert
Since the construction of the Sphinx immersed in sands. Desert was trying to absorb the great statue, and people had to work hard to regain her place in the sun.