Unrecognized heroes of Everest
• The unrecognized heroes of Everest
On the supply travelers word "Sherpa" has become synonymous with mountain guide or porter. In fact, it is not any post and not a profession, and nationalities living in East Nepal. Mountain dwellers are incredibly hardy, they know better than anyone else, mountainous terrain, have hereditary high-altitude adaptations, and that professional climbers, Sherpas belong to the majority of records for the ascent of Everest. Who are born in the mountains of residents who are always in the shadow of the conquerors of Everest?
Literally "sherpa" means "people from the east." All that is known about the nation - is that their ancestors once emigrated from Tibet, and that Sherpas have Mongolian origin. Blank pages of history are due to the fact that the people have no written language, and uses the Tibetan calendar for counting time. Lifetime as they have the names may vary. They surnames are usually not used. Since no official records are not kept, they now and then are confused about the dates and can not tell you their names, if the name is asked to spell.
From their ancestors Tibetan Sherpas borrowed clothes, customs, cuisine and language, which is similar to Tibetan. Just like the Tibetans, Sherpas are followers of Buddhism. It is more important for them rites and rituals, and belief in the soul. Many homes equipped corner for prayer. Outside some set poles with prayer flags. Sherpas believe in gods, not only Buddhist, but also those who live in the mountain or in the woods. Each clan embodies the mountains with a certain deity and reverently honor the mountain, believing in its support and protection. Dead Sherpas have made to burn. The only exceptions are small children, and died in the mountains, which betray the ground. Sherpas have no written language, names, and by the time they are on the Tibetan calendar
In the food Sherpas prefer not adhere to a specific menu - still a blank area, and "omnivorous diet" to get much easier. Meat, Dried or canned foods brought by tourists, willing to eat all the Sherpas. However, the culinary tradition they are still there. The traditional dishes, for example, include the mo-mo - something like a soup with dumplings.
In addition to this dish Sherpas are very fond of drinking tea. Drink it several times a day. Rice and barley are brewed sherpskoe beer called chang. It presents a finished leaven, which is poured into the cup and boiling water is poured through the drinking straw bamboo. /
Sherpas have great strength and endurance. This applies to both men and women, and children. In comparison with men are the weaker sex can not be called weak: on a par with men, women can do the heavy lifting and wear severity, reaching two-thirds of their own weight. Generally, carrying something else for Sherpas quite natural to do. Picking up the luggage, they put her in the shoulders and forehead. According to them, this is the most effective way to carry, allowing to carry on themselves tens of kilograms of cargo.
Carrying anything was quite natural for the Sherpas activity
The Sherpas have a "high mountain" genes, allowing them to easily submit to any top. For the first time managed to climb Everest New Zealand explorer Edmund Percival Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay. Reaching the summit, Hillary began to put up a flag and Norgay began to lay out the chocolates in the snow as an offering to the gods. Another Sherpa Apa Sherpa in 1990 began to regularly climb Mount Everest. Ascents he made one, and sometimes twice a year. The last time he climbed Mount Everest May 11, 2011, becoming the absolute record for climbing the mountain, which reached number 21 times.
In order to rise to the highest point on the planet, Sherpa Pemba Dorje took only 8 hours and 10 minutes - except for him at such a rate to the mountain not climbed any mountain climber. And Babu Chiri Sherpa, climbing a mountain, spent 21 hours. All these achievements are far beyond the capabilities of conventional athletes, but can easily submit to one of those who are considered just as a porter or guide who accompanies another group of climbers which decided to climb Mount Everest.