The city where there is a high probability of earthquakes
Most major earthquakes occur in one scenario: rigid plate structure consisting of the crust and the mantle move, collide with each other. In total there are 7 major plates in the world: Antarctic, Eurasian, Indo-Australian, North American, Pacific and South America.
For the past two billion years, the movement of the plates is significantly accelerated, which, respectively, increased the chances of such a catastrophe. On the other hand, based on the movement of tectonic plates studies, scientists can, albeit roughly predict the occurrence of the next major earthquake. Based on data publicly available we figured a list of cities where the probability of such an event is very high now.
A powerful earthquake with an epicenter in the mountains of Santa Cruz, about a hundred kilometers from the city of San Francisco is not far off. To be more precise in the next couple of years. However, most residents of the City by the Bay to prepare for disaster, zapasshis future use of medicines, drinking water and food. In turn, the city authorities are engaged in that conduct urgently work to strengthen buildings.
Fremantle - a port city located on the western coast of Australia. According to the seismological research specialists from the University of Sydney, in the period from late 2016 until 2024, there is expected a strong earthquake about 6 on the Richter scale. However, the main danger is that the shock could occur on the ocean floor near the town, triggering a tsunami.
Experts predict a major earthquake with an epicenter in the Japanese capital with a probability of 75% may occur at any time in the next 30 years. According to the scientists created a model victim of the disaster will be about 23 thousand people will be destroyed over 600,000 buildings. In addition to increasing the level of seismic resistance of buildings and demolition of old buildings, the administration of Tokyo will the introduction of non-combustible building materials. The earthquake in Kobe in 1995 showed the Japanese that people often do not become victims of collapsed buildings and fires arising after the disaster.
Earthquakes in the City of Angels happen quite often, but the really big was not more than a century. The gloomier outlook presented by seismologists and geologists of the Geological Society of America. On the basis of soil analysis and the tectonic plates under the central part of California, scientists have concluded that until 2037 an earthquake of magnitude 6, 7 points can happen here. Push such force under certain circumstances can turn the town into ruins.
Over the next few years a powerful earthquake, with a capacity of more than 8, 5 on the Richter scale happened in the area of the Isthmus of Panama. These conclusions were experts from the University of San Diego, after a study conducted seismic faults, adjacent to the Panama Canal. Action earthquake truly catastrophic scale will be felt by the inhabitants of the Americas. And most of all, of course, affected the capital of the Republic, Panama, where about 1, 5 million people.
A strong earthquake in the medium term, t. E in the next 4-5 years, will take place in the area of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. These data are reported in the department of Seismology Institute of Earth Physics named Schmidt. Due to this forecast, in Kamchatka being made to strengthen buildings, and emergency service checks the seismic stability of buildings. In addition, it organized a network of stations for the surveillance of the symptoms of an approaching earthquake: high-frequency oscillations of the earth's crust, the water level in wells by magnetic fields.
According to the same department of seismology, a major earthquake in the period from 2017 to 2036. It may occur in the North Caucasus, on the border of Chechnya and Dagestan. In contrast to the situation in Kamchatka, there are not carried out any work to reduce potential damage from earthquakes, which may entail a greater number of casualties than if such works have been carried out.
New results of research of American seismologists from Columbia University indicate a high seismic hazard is currently in the vicinity of New York. The magnitude of the earthquake could reach five points, which can lead to complete destruction of the old buildings in the city. Another cause for concern was the nuclear power plant, located right at the intersection of two faults, t. E. In a very dangerous region. Its destruction could make New York a second Chernobyl.
Indonesia is one of the most seismically active zone of the planet, and therefore earthquakes are no surprise. In particular, Sumatra island, constantly is practically right in the epicenter of the quake. The exception does not become and a new earthquake, seismologists predicted, with an epicenter 28 kilometers from the city of Banda Aceh, which will occur in the next six months.
The strongest earthquake in Romania can trigger blasting operations in shale formations, carried out in the region of the Carpathian Mountains. Geophysicists from the Romanian National Institute report that the epicenter of the next earthquake will be in the same place, at a depth of 40 kilometers. The fact that work on the search for shale gas in these land formations can cause displacement of the earth's crust and, as a consequence of the earthquake.