The history of the Turkish people
• The history of the Turkish people
The territory of modern Turkey in the Middle Ages was a real melting pot of dozens of nomadic peoples. In addition, here the will of the case fell Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians and even the Jews. As it turned out all the Turks? Who are all those people of modern Turkey?
Byzantine rulers sought to move into the territory of Asia Minor Bulgarians, Arabs also tried to attract here the Turkic-speaking Muslims. Armenian kings and all tried to draw the Avars to protect Asian borderlands, but these tribes were assimilated by the local population. Ancestors of the modern Turkish Seljuks became only - a few nomadic peoples, formed around the Oguz tribe.
Over time, the Turkmens, Krynki, Avars, Kayi, pockets and other merged into one nation. Seljuks significantly strengthened in Central Asia, conquered Khorezm, and then Iran. Baghdad's capture in 1055 the Seljuks turned into a formidable force.
Central Asia Fall
Under the pressure of the Seljuk Empire, the Central Asian states have failed one after the other. Armenia, Georgia, Syria and Palestine - could not resist, even Byzantium. However, around the middle of the XIII century Mongols crushed the once great empire into several smaller countries. And in 1227 the former territory of the Seljuks seized the tribe Kayi, rules which Ertorgrul. Already his son, Osman, founded the great Ottoman Empire.
And at the end of the XII century, plenty of wandering in the wilderness, the Turks began to gradually shift to a sedentary life. This led to the Islamization of the population, which at the same time, the influx was diluted Pechenegs migration of Romanians and even the Eastern Slavs.
Formation of nationality
In 1327 many areas of modern Turkey spoke in Turkish. Persian is gradually receding into the past and the end of the century, the Turkish people are fully formed. Scientists believe that 70% of the population of modern Turkey - the descendants of the Seljuk Turks, and only 30% - the indigenous people of the area.
Genetic analysis of
Roughly the same also confirmed by genetic analysis. According to recent studies, a quarter of the population of the Anatolian Turks refers to the autochthonous peoples, a quarter belong to the Caucasian tribes, 11% are distant descendants of the Greeks, and 4% and at all has the East Slavic roots.