Real and imaginary illness
• Real and imaginary diseases
Even if a person has real symptoms of any disease, the disease itself may be imaginary. In some cases, our ailments are at a psychological rather than a physiological motivated.
Consider 4 phenomenon whose causes lie in the human psyche.
1. The placebo effect
The placebo effect is the phenomenon of improving human health due to the fact that he believes in the effectiveness of any treatment methods (pills, treatments, exercise). In this placebo (or drug) may be a conventional pacifier or vitamins. The degree of confidence in the efficacy of a drug depends on the outcome of treatment.
Harvard researcher Ted Kapchuk have long been studying the possibility of treatment with the help of placebo patients without deceit, that is the main problem of such treatment. In 2010, he found that the patients who were given "dummy" (and who knew about it) were recovering on a par with patients taking the real medication. This proved that the treatment with placebo works even when the patient knows that his "cheating".
In the 70 years, scientists have discovered that after receiving placebo in the brain, a chemical reaction similar to the one that occurs after taking the medication.
2. Effect nocebo
This effect is the exact opposite of the placebo effect. In Merriam-Webster's dictionary is given the following definition of that term, "harmless substance which causes when receiving a negative effect due to negative expectations or psychological condition of the patient." Here is an example that perfectly illustrates this phenomenon. After the Tokyo subway sarin attack, which occurred in 1995, hospitals were overflowing with patients experiencing symptoms of gas poisoning - nausea and dizziness, which are constantly exaggerated in the media. However, none of them, in fact, is not exposed to nerve gas.
3. Healing with the help of positive thinking
After the neurologist Joe Dispenza was hit by a car and was in a wheelchair, he was asked to carry out an operation on the spine, that the man was able to walk again, testing, however, the terrible pain. Dispenza resolutely refused the operation, and in three months rose to his feet and felt great. The doctor says that he has got to heal itself with the help of self-hypnosis forces.
And all because Joe Dispenza practiced metho-medicine - a technique which helps people find the psychological roots of their illnesses and to eliminate them. Here's one example of Joe's medical practice, proving the effectiveness of this alternative medicine:
One of his patients had been ill with systemic lupus erythematosus, which is an autoimmune disease that causes the body actually attacks itself. In other words, the immune system perceives its own cells as foreign and begins to fight with them.
After a thorough diagnosis and psychoanalysis doctor came to the conclusion that the whole thing in the mindset of the patient. She simply underestimated myself, thought that is not worthy of love, and in her head deep rooted hatred towards themselves. All these factors systematically destroyed her body and gave rise to the disease. Once the patient has realized psychological reason for his illness, she fully recovered.
4. Psychosomatic diseases
Psychosomatic or physiological diseases are only half the physiological nature of the occurrence. They are diagnosed in patients who have a variety of real symptoms of a disease that occur due to psychological or emotional nature. Hysteria has become the first official psychosomatic disorder and was described in the 19th century.
"Somatoform disorders" - a more modern name of these groups of disease states. The World Health Organization recognizes psychosomatic diseases and notes that their expression is different in different countries, depending on the accepted cultural norms there.