The main book on the Revolution
Faculty of Humanities Professor, School of Philology of the Higher School of Economics Oleg Lekmanov at the request of Esquire chose five books about the revolution that everybody should read.
1. John Reid - "Ten Days That Shook the World"
The famous book by the American journalist and poet, a friend of Eugene O'Neill and the radical socialist John Reed is a detailed chronicle of the October Revolution of enthusiastic, ardent supporter of which was a journalist. The main protagonists of the book Reed - a Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky, inspiring the workers and peasants in the struggle against the bourgeoisie.
Lenin's "Ten Days" liked so much that he agreed to write the foreword to the book, which first appeared in the edition of 1922 .: "This book I would like to see spread in millions of copies and translated into all languages." But Joseph Stalin, who in the book Reed is not mentioned even once, in 1924, declared that the American overestimated Trotsky's role in the revolution. This has contributed to strengthening the reputation of the "ten days" as a half-disgraced. It is for her reasons set his play in 1965 the great Frondeur Yuri Lyubimov at the Taganka Theater. Several roles in the play was played by Vladimir Vysotsky. John Reed died in Moscow of typhus in 1920. He is buried in Red Square near the Kremlin wall.
2. Ivan Bunin - "Cursed Days"
To balance the enthusiasm of John Reed, tell here about the book hater of Bolsheviks Ivan Bunin "Cursed Days". It is artistically processed diaries writer 1918 - 1920 biennium, which were conducted by him in revolutionary Moscow and Odessa.. Like many of his contemporaries, Bunin compared the October Revolution with the Great French Revolution of the late eighteenth century, seeing the Bolshevik leaders direct successors of the bloody ruthless leaders Thermidor: "Saint-Just, Robespierre, Couthon ... Lenin, Trotsky, Dzerzhinsky ... Who meaner , bloodthirsty, disgusting? Of course, all the same Moscow. But Paris was not bad. " Bunin's "Cursed Days" have been charged with such fierce hatred to the new rulers of Russia and the Bolshevik orders that have been stunned even those who belonged to the writer in the near surroundings. "At dusk Ivan came to me and gave his" Cursed Days ", - noted in his notebooks for Galina Kuznetsova records. - How heavy this blog !! How or whether he is right - it is hard to accumulation of anger, rage, rage at times. " Of course, in the Soviet Union Buninskaya book was banned and was not published until Perestroika.
3. Alexander Blok - "Twelve"
As is known, after the unit wrote and published his poem this, many of his friends refused to shake hands when meeting the poet's hand - they took the "Twelve" as the glorification of the October revolution. And the same Bunin called the poem "nonsense" and cursed the Bloc for "monstrous meanness." Of course, his contemporaries understood the "Twelve" simplistic, but their understanding was generally true. The unit is really glorified Bolshevik Revolution, in which he saw the triumph of the snow disaster, a terrible but blessed wind, sweeping away all the old, rotten, petty-bourgeois and thereby providing opportunities to build new - a strict and moral world free from centuries of accumulated rubbish (which It embodies the "Twelve" image of an old dog). Krasnoarmeysky patrol in the poem - is not only the twelve robbers of poetic passage Nikolai Nekrasov, has turned into a well-known song lyrics, but also the twelve apostles of the new world and a new life. Therefore, their results and the final product Blok Christ himself. Although the Red Army and shoot him, but, in fact, they are faithful to Him and His teachings are the basics.
4. Nikolay Oleynikov - "Fighting Days"
Many people know the author of this little book as a friend of Daniil Kharms and Nikolay Z's, who wrote "Cockroach", "Karas", "variable name", and many more are very funny and scary poems. However, during the life of Oleynikov, if there was a known, then, first of all, as the author of prose for children - energetic, experimental and economical. As if in imitation of Blok's poem, 'The fighting days, "consist of small domes, not twelve, like the Bloc, and eleven. Decrees, leaflets, short documentary evidence, subject to the principle of assembly, side by side in Oleynikov with funny and dramatic scenes, the task of which was to transfer coup atmosphere and retaining young readers attention ... "The fat officer sitting at the table and sorted through the papers. However, he muttered in a singsong voice: - Down with war, down with the war ... war ... Down ... Down Down with the war ...
Another officer, who was sitting nearby, in amazement raised his eyes to him.
- What's the matter, Lieutenant? The Bolsheviks signed up!
- No, I read the resolution. "
Recently, "Fighting Days" were re-released as part of a large book of selected works Oleynikov, which is called the "number of the ineffable."
5. The Mikhail Bulgakov - "The White Guard"
This novel, written about the consequences of the October Revolution and the main opposing forces (white and red), formed in Russia because of the coup, accompanied by two epigraphs. The first of the "Captain's Daughter" by Pushkin - a snowstorm; the second - from the second chapter of the Apocalypse - about the upcoming Supreme Court over the people. In the first epigraph continued (partly polemically) Blok topic raging snow disaster, however, important to Bulgakov was an epigraph to the whole of Pushkin's story: "Take care of the honor of his youth." Actually, this question: "How to save the honor under the impending Apocalypse?" And is central to all of Bulgakov's novel. As a result, it appears that, first, the honor is saved not by following the official regulations and orders, and with the help of self-sacrifice for the sake of others, and, secondly, that the saved (not literally, but in the religious sense) can not only white (which Bulgakov sympathized and which fought on the side of), but also red. In Paradise (if only to honor them save up) will get not only the soul Wrangel, but Budennys.