Interesting facts about the "king of sports" - equestrian polo
What do you think, dear friends, what kind of sports has traditionally been considered perhaps the most noble and revered throughout the world? Well, you find it difficult to answer? It's okay, we now fill this unfortunate gap in your knowledge. Today we want to share with you some interesting facts about your favorite pastime of the powerful.
, of course, our today's article will be the subject of one of the most noble, entertainment, and is probably one of the most expensive sports in the world and in history. So, meet, ask to love and favor, His Majesty the King of Sports - polo.
Chovgan - a prototype polo
Chovgan - traditional Azerbaijani equestrian game, known in the East as early as the third century BC, which is widely recognized as the ancestor of modern polo. Chovgan originally emerged as a special exercise for the soldiers, who were to fight on horseback. During these workouts, they sat in the saddle, with a long rod chasing a ball, while dodging the enemy. The game develops dexterity, accuracy and skill, and eventually became chovgan favorite sport Khan's sons. The game was popular in Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey, Iraq, that is where the main fighting unit were lightly maneuverable riders.
The name of the game "polo" is derived from the ancient Indian word "Pulu", which translates roughly as "willow branch." This name was a sport because it is made of wicker balls and twigs polo. In Europe, the game has gained popularity, thanks to the British. In 1900, Polo already included in the program of the second Olympics in Paris. In Russia, the first match of polo took place in 1884. It lasted only 15 minutes, and as one of the players it was the grandson of Nicholas II - Prince Petro.
polo horses require special, so special for this type of competition was bred special breed of horses - Argentine polo ponies. It is not very high, but very maneuverable and fast horse. During the game, it can reach speeds of over 60 kilometers per hour. We brought this breed to cross several different breeds of horses, namely the Argentine "cryolite" with purebred Arabian horses. The result is a surprisingly light and very frisky horses. On average, the price of the purchased in Argentina thoroughbred polo ponies is about twenty thousand dollars, and a professional polo player must have at least four of these well-trained polo ponies. Simple arithmetic confirms once again how polo an expensive sport.
polo and the Olympic Games
At present, polo is not an Olympic sport, but in 1900, 1908, 1920, 1924 and 1936 polo included in the program of the Olympic Games, beginning as a team game, and, since 1912, the program entered and individual equestrian disciplines. In 1936 at the Olympic Games in Berlin, a polo tournament gathered at the stadium for more than seventy thousand people, and it was the last triumph of polo as an Olympic sport. In 1936, the same year in Nazi Germany, this sport has been declared a "Jewish" and "Anglo-American", and therefore was banned personally by Adolf Hitler. These days, every three years, held the world championship game of polo open.
The size of the field for a game of polo
It is obvious that among all team sports it is necessary for the equestrian sport is the biggest playground. dimensions of the field for a game of polo is 274 to 146 meters. Its area is approximately equal to the area of six football fields. The size of the ball for playing polo is from 76 to 89 millimeters, a ball weight reaches 135 grams. Gates polo does not have the upper crossbar, so the goal is scored when the ball hit in the sash at any height.
players certification system
For polo players there is a special classification. Each player depending on the level of his skill is given a "handicap". By the way, the competitions are held separately for each handicap category, which are distributed from the "minus two" (category "C") to "ten" heads, which are considered to be the limit. But this does not mean that the player is scored so many goals. Handicap - reflects the player's skill and his theoretical opportunity that is the number of goals during the game. Reach the level of the three heads of the average athlete rarely possible, and the rating of five and above are only professionals. Such a system of certification of polo players appeared in 1890, and since then only 50 players were able to get a handicap of 10 goals.
What other animals are used to play polo?
Yes, you heard right, polo can be played not only on horseback. For example, in India it is quite common elephant polo, and in the Arab countries for this game prefer camels. In Mongolia, in 2000, it was held the first match on yaks, and this game is called "sarlagan polo". The attempt was so successful that the association sarlagan Polo was established in Mongolia, and yak polo began to play in Pakistan. And there are very exotic options polo, for example, polo segveyah, motorcycles and bicycles, and even polo and canoeing. Beautiful, as you can see, there is no limit.