Vandalism in museums
• The cases of vandalism in museums
Just recently, on May 25 at the Tretyakov Gallery has happened is the real state of emergency - "a tourist from Voronezh" has damaged the famous painting by Ilya Repin's "Ivan the Terrible kills his own son." Cultural event ended tragically for him. How did this happen, and that it inspired this quite wild escapade?
On Friday, May 25, just five minutes before closing time, one of the visitors, who went before quietly through the halls and looked at the pictures, already heading for the door, suddenly turned and ran back. It all happened in a matter of seconds, the museum caretaker was unable to catch up with him and stop. Running up to the picture, the man grabbed enclosing the bar and several times hit by a glazed picture. From the blows the glass breaks, damaging the author's frame and canvas torn in three places. Damage figures touched the prince, fortunately, remained intact most important semantic details of the picture - the face and hands.
Attacker, of course, was detained, but he was not particularly resisted.
During the interrogation, he said: "I came to look at it (picture), at eight in the evening went to the buffet, I have to go, I drink a hundred grams of vodka. I do not drink vodka, that has covered four-something. "
Somehow it does not fit in my head - why the museum sell vodka? Commerce…
The damaged painting in May 2018 Photo Eugene Korobkov
The photograph can be seen the traces of three strikes, reaching the body of Prince. The entire surface of the canvas scratched fragments of glass. How much will cost restoration - is unclear. Roughly experts estimate the cost of 5-10 million rubles. Vandal, of course, does not deserve any excuses. However, vodka may only provoke him to inappropriate actions, the true causes of the incident may be much deeper and more complex.
Picture painted by Repin in 1885, known as "Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan November 16, 1581," but it is more popularly known by another name - "Ivan the Terrible kills his own son."
Repin. "Ivan the Terrible kills his son"
Repin wrote, "Misfortune, living death, killing and blood is ... entailing self power ... At the time, all the European shows in a large number of paintings exhibited bloody. And I, infected, probably this bloody, upon his arrival home, immediately took up the bloody scene of Ivan the Terrible and his son. And the blood picture was a great success. "
The painting depicts a scene of a terrible murder of Ivan the Terrible in a fit of anger of his son. Historically, this fact is highly controversial and unproven. But Repin, as an artist, historical truth is not particularly interested. It was important to catch and capture the moment when his father, in a rage killed his son, suddenly aware of their actions and its transience, and brutal rage face shows signs of repentance. In his eyes - an unbearable longing, and on his hands - gentle prince, who, dying, forgives his father, distraught.
When the painting was finished, followed by a series of strange and tragic events. At the artist withered right hand, later he had to learn to work the left. We did not pass the misery and sitters. Groznova image of Ivan Repin wrote to the artist Myasoedova.
The artist Gregory Myasoedov
And one day in a fit of anger Meat eaters also had nearly killed his infant young son named Ivan.
Gregory Myasoedov with his son Ivan
As a sitter for the prince Repin chose the writer Vsevolod Garshin. The choice he argued thus: "Having conceived the picture, I was always looking at the lives of such people who have a figure, facial features to express what I need for my picture in the face Garshina I was struck by doom:. He had a human face, doomed to die. It was what I needed for my prince. "
Repin. Portrait of the writer Vsevolod Garshin
In Garshina things went too unimportant. He fell into a deep depression, and two years after the painting folds in the stairwell. He was then only 33 years. And here again it happened chilling coincidence - he received a traumatic brain injury, from which he died, came to the same place as that of the prince, who was killed by Ivan the Terrible. Mystic some ...
The picture came out very dark and frightening. Many have not taken it for a long time around the pattern and seething controversy raging passion.
Pavel Tretyakov, founder of the Tretyakov Gallery after many doubts still bought the picture, but forbidden to put it on public display. But his ban was soon ignored, the picture appeared in the exhibition, and then it began ...
Spectators could not long look at the picture, they began to weep, to fall to the ground ...
Very powerful and strong in its effects, this picture is really able to bring to mind. In the long consideration, especially if you look into the eyes of the mad king, the picture is depressing feelings. It carries a powerful emotional charge, and possibly people with unbalanced mind influenced by it themselves lose their minds ...
Repin. A fragment of the picture
So the director of Pushkin Museum Marina mules, commenting on the incident, said: "This is a terrible shock for everyone, not just for the Tretyakov Gallery, as this wonderful masterpiece belongs to all. He has a karmic destiny - everyone unbalanced somehow react to it. What happened - a powerful signal to which it is necessary to listen, to process and to draw conclusions. "
This is not the first attack on the painting. In 1913, twenty-painter Abram Balashov, shouting "Enough blood!" Three times slashed her with a knife, seriously injuring the person of the king and prince.
He was tied and declared insane and sent to a psychiatric hospital. This event is a tragic impact on the unchangeable keeper gallery artist Egor Khruslov. Beautiful, beloved person, he could not bear what had happened, and threw himself under a train.
After some time, the passions around this died down, and it is relatively easy hanging in the Tretyakov Gallery. Until May 25, 2018 ... Now, one more our compatriot won the infamous "Herostratus laurels."
Cases of attacks vandals to the world masterpieces do not happen too often.
"Mona Lisa" by Leonardo da Vinci
It has repeatedly been damage to the famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa." In XX century, it threw a stone, sprayed paint. Now she is protected by bulletproof glass.
"Saint Anne with Mary, the infant Christ and John the Baptist" by Leonardo da Vinci
Hit and another painting by Leonardo da Vinci "Saint Anne with Mary, the infant Christ and John the Baptist", in which the vandal fired a shotgun.
"David" by Michelangelo
At the statue of "David" by Michelangelo visitor, carrying a hammer at the museum, she rescued a few toes.
"Venus with a Mirror" Diego Velazquez
And got a picture of Diego Velazquez "Venus with a Mirror". In 1914, at the exhibition, held in London, one of the visitors managed to inflict several blows with an ax picture. She did not like, "the men stare at a naked Venus," and she decided to destroy it.
Such was the picture of a broken
She survived three assassination attempts and Rembrandt's "Night Watch".
"Night Watch" by Rembrandt
She tried to cut with a knife, poured sulfuric acid. Helped save the picture of the thick layers of paint and varnish on it, as well as the efficiency of the guards.
"Phaedra" Cy Twombly
As for the paintings abstract artist Cy Twombly "Phaedra", it has suffered from an excess of love. Girl-painter from Cambodia, admiring the picture, kissed it, without thinking about the lipstick on your lips. Next on her kiss restorers and could not completely withdraw, though tried more than 30 different tools for the removal of stains. As a result, the artist had to pay for his trick and a half thousand euros.