Interesting facts about watermelons
Watermelon - one of the most popular and delicious summer fruits that almost everyone loves. This low-calorie product rich in vitamins A and C, contains fiber and potassium. Is watermelon a fruit or vegetable, how much weight the biggest watermelon and what is the use of water-melons - all this can be found here. Here are some interesting facts about this juicy, tasty and vibrant product.
1. Watermelons are as fruit and vegetable
Due to the sweet taste of watermelon is most often considered a fruit, and they grow like fruits, originating from flowers pollinated by bees, and a botanical point of view they are - fruits, because they contain grains. But many gardeners consider them vegetables as they grow them in the garden with summer vegetables, such as peas and corn.
Perhaps you have often heard that watermelon - a berry. In fact, watermelon belongs to the botanical family Cucurbitaceae, which includes other vegetables such as cucumber, pumpkin and melon.
2. You can eat all the fruit
Although we are accustomed to focus on the juicy pulp of watermelon, watermelon rind is also edible and rich in mineral nutrients. In China, watermelon rind often fried or stewed, as there are recipes for marinating it. In the Middle East and China watermelon seeds are dried and roasted and consumed as a snack.
3. The water content in watermelon - 92 percent
Watermelon is 92 percent water, perfectly refreshing on a hot summer day. According to research, watermelon helps to saturate you with moisture twice as good a glass of water after an intense workout. Besides, it contains salts such as calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium, which support the moisture level in the body and reduce the likelihood of dehydration.
4. There are 1,200 different varieties of watermelon
However, in order to facilitate the classification of watermelons are usually grouped into four main categories: with seeds, without seeds, a small watermelon and yellow melon. There are, for example, varieties with a dark-red sweet flesh with seeds, or those that turn yellow when ripe, with cream or watermelon pulp.
5. The watermelons are not genetically modified seeds without
Contrary to popular belief, watermelons without seeds are not genetically modified, and are the result of hybridization. White "seeds" that can be found in watermelon are empty seed shells and are unable to produce seeds.
6. The largest watermelon
According to the Guinness Book of Records the heaviest watermelon weighs 159 kg and was grown by Chris Kent (Chris Kent) from the United States in 2013.
7. Watermelon can prevent cancer
Watermelons are an excellent source of lycopene - an antioxidant that reduces the risk of several cancers, including lung cancer, prostate and stomach.
8. The watermelons are square and other forms of
Japanese farmers grow watermelon square shaped the last 40 years. Watermelon is placed in a cubic shape, and when it is filled with watermelons, they are collected. Typically, these watermelons still immature and sold as a souvenir or gift, and their price could reach about $ 100. Initially they were grown so that they are better placed in standard refrigerators. Recently, farmers began to grow watermelons in the shape of a heart, pyramids and even a person's face.
9. Calories in watermelon
Watermelon - a low-calorie product, 100 grams of watermelon contains only 30 calories and 6 grams of sugar 2. He has almost no fat and protein. In 100 grams of watermelon - 7, 55 grams of carbohydrates.
10. The use of watermelon
Watermelon contains significant levels of vitamin A, B6 and C, a lot of lycopene, antioxidants and amino acids.
High levels of lycopene helps protect cells from damage and reduces the risk of heart disease. Also, citrulline and arginine content in watermelon good for your heart. Arginine improves circulation and reduces the accumulation of excess fat. Furthermore, watermelon contributes to lower blood pressure in hypertension.
The anti-inflammatory properties of
Lycopene also has anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals. It helps prevent a variety of diseases, ranging from atherosclerosis to cataracts and asthma. Watermelon also contains choline, which suppresses the chronic inflammation. When you are sick, and your cells are damaged, which may be caused by various factors, including stress, smoking, pollution, your body becomes inflamed. Anti-inflammatory foods help maintain the immune system and overall health.
Watermelon contains fibers that promote healthy digestion and regular bowel motility.
Healthy skin and the hair
One cup of watermelon contains nearly a quarter of the recommended dose of vitamin A. Vitamin A helps to maintain skin and hair when wet and stimulates the healthy growth of collagen and elastin cells.
Displays kidney stones
Apart from the high water content, watermelon is rich in potassium, lycopene and nitrogen oxide, which is useful for the kidneys. Due to the diuretic properties, it helps to remove and dissolve kidney stones.