52 years ago, came the first program "Good night, kids!"
• 52 years ago came the first program "Good night, kids!"
One of the most successful projects in the history of not only Russian, but also world-recognized television program "Good night, kids!".
The program was established in September 1964. She almost never ceased to go on the air and has always been popular. It looks the third generation.
The history of the birth of the transfer "Good night, kids!" Begins in 1963, when the chief editor of the editorial programs for children and youth Valentina Fedorova, as in the GDR, saw the animated series about the adventures of a sand man. So the idea to create in our country an evening program for children.
September 1, 1964, the screens out its first issue. The first screensaver was black and white. Saver showed a watch with moving hands. Then the transmission was not continuous output time saver and author, the artist Irina Vlasova, just in time to set the time again.
In the creation of the program was attended by Alexander Kurland, Eduard Uspensky, Andrey Usachev, Roman Sef and others. Conceived as the transfer of "Bedtime Story". And once the program has had its own voice, its own unique song "Sleeping tired toys" lulls the kid. Music for Lullaby written by the composer Arkady Ostrovsky, poems - poetess Zoya Petrova, and sang a lullaby Oleg Anofriev, a little later - Valentine Tolkunova.
Screen Saver become colored in the late '70s.
Screen Saver in the form of a plasticine cartoon was made by Alexander Tatarsky.
In the late 80's at a time saver, and it was replaced by a lullaby. Instead of watching TV and sitting around it appeared a cartoon toy garden birds. New song "Sleep, my darling, go to sleep ..." (music by B. Flis, Russian text S. Sviridenko) takes Elena Kamburova.
The creators of the program have long argued about the title. Options were few: "Evening Tale", "Good Night," "Bedtime Story", "A visit to the magical man Tik-Tak". But on the eve of the first broadcast from the name of the program found: "Good night, kids!".
The first editions of the program were in the form of pictures with narration. Then there were puppet shows and small plays in which actors played the Moscow Art Theater and the Theater of Satire.
The puppet show was attended by Pinocchio and the Hare Tepa, dolls and Shustrik Myamlik. In addition, program participants were children aged 4-6 and theater actors, who told stories.
February 20, 1968 was an important event in the history of the transfer - shown first, true Czech, cartoon "Nut". And at the same time it was made doll nut. After watching a cartoon protagonist appeared in the studio. It was a new fairy-tale element. cartoon hero miraculously appears and begins to chat. However, none of the first heroes did not last long, because they do not get a real admiration of spectators.
It was only in September 1968 to the string of characters joins first become legendary and still exists party dog Phil. Its prototype was the dog Bravni long time pylivshiysya on the doll stock. The first actor to voice Fil, was Gregory Tolchinskiy. He loved to joke: "retire, will publish the book" Twenty years under the skirt aunt Wali ". Today's vote Fili - actor Sergey Grigoriev.
It is surprising that Phil is not the first dog. A few years before this was already a character dog Kuzma. But, apparently, Kuzi character somehow was not set, as opposed to the good-natured and intelligent Fili. Then many favorite Uncle Volodya appears on the screen with the bunny and dog Tepoy Chizhik.
February 10, 1971 near the aunt Valya Leontyeva in the studio appeared pig Piggy. Naughty child - naughty pig constantly falls into different stories and learn from their mistakes. His charm, he is obliged to Natalia Derzhavina voice which he talked until 2002. Until such time as a wonderful actress passed away.
In 1974, in August, "born" Stepashka - kind of the opposite of Piggy. Obedient curious bunny, very diligent, polite and thoughtful.
Stepashka voiced Natalia Golubentseva. The actress in real life often uses the voice of the character. Hearing him, even severe traffic cops dobreyut in his eyes and forget about the penalty. The actress is so got used to Stepashko that are glued together with him in his ID photo of Honored Artist.
In 1982, there was Karkusha, the only girl who is caught in the program and liked by the audience. A long time could not find the character Karkusha. Many actresses auditioned for the role, and could not get used to the image of funny crow until "Good night" did not come Gertrude Sufimova. And imagine Karkusha other was impossible ... When in 1998, a 72-year life, the actress died, a crow settled on the arm of actress Galina Marchenko.
In 1984, the main part of the famous four: Fili, Piggy, Stepashka and Karkusha - was introduced Mishutka.
And the transmission characters are the cat Catch-Tsarapych ...
... Pinocchio ...
The characters are complex relationships, conflicts and unresolved issues in the world. Answered these questions leading Aunt Val, Aunt Tanya, Aunt Lena, Aunt Light, Uncle Volodya and uncle Jura.
When peace was restored, and the issues were resolved, the children received the award in the cartoon. So in our lives and broke Krzhmelik Vahmurka, Lelek and Bolek, dog Rex and Krotik.
When in the early 80s, it was decided to replace the puppet people, indignation of millions of viewers did not have a limit, and two months later, dolls have taken the usual places. At its duty to screen century "Goodnight" worried all the time. Most often, the clouds are gathering over the Piggy and the most unexpected occasions. For example, once on the board of Radio and Television has been imposed the question of why all the dolls in the transmission blink and Piggy - no.
Attributed to the program and the political "subversion." Allegedly, when there was a famous trip of Nikita Khrushchev in America, from the air immediately removed the cartoon "Frog-traveler". Came to power, Mikhail Gorbachev, is not recommended to show a cartoon about a bear Mishka, who had never started to end. But transferring employees consider all coincidences.
At the present time are the leading Anna Mikhalkov, Oxana Fedorova, Andrei Grigoriev, Apollo, and Dmitry Malikov.
And in the playhouse in Ostankino live five friends: Phil, Stepashka, Piggy, and Karkusha Mishutka. Each of them has its own history.
Piggy Birthday - February 10, 1971.
Our little piggy Piggy - soul of the company. He is very curious: it all interesting. That's really the master who ask questions! He was the first storyteller: almost all the tricks and pranks - it piggy paws. Without it does not do any one prank. How interesting little poozornichat!
Our Piggy does not like to clean up and restore order. But his friends and he is ready to move mountains, not only to get out in my room. Piggy loves all sweet: the best gift for him - a kilo or two of candy, some chocolate bars and a large jar of jam. Karkusha sometimes a little angry with Piggy: in fact there are a lot of sweet bad! But Piggy says that sweet helping him in the work. Our Piggy - known poet. Typically, the inspiration comes to him just after he eats sweets. At least so he says.
In 1974, the small audience first met with Stepashko.
In Stepashky on the window grows carrots. But the love of art. After Stepashka loves nature and often with Mishutka walks in the woods. And the most beautiful scenery Stepashka even sketches. He really wants to become a real artist, and so zealously. Figures Stepashky like his friends, especially if it draws their portrait. Stepashka loves to dream. Often, all the friends get together in a room and listen to Stepashka. After all dream of - it's fun! However, Piggy and Phil escape, but only in order to begin to act immediately and to implement the most daring dreams Stepashkin. Stepashka - a very good friend: he can be trusted with any secret, and rest assured, Stepashka not tell anyone anything.
Phil - veteran program "Good night, kids!". His appearance is dated from 1968.
This is who the most well-read! Sometimes you think that Phil knows everything-everything! Or at least wants to know. The room Fili always order: books and textbooks stacked flat lie on the shelf, all the toys - in their places.
Phil loves music. He even thought to take part in a music contest, but remembered that he is not able to play any musical instrument. But it just yet. He is a very responsible and serious dog. If something promised, he will certainly fulfill. He sings very well. And who knows, maybe soon we will see Fil on stage!
Karkusha become a permanent member of the program in 1982.
The only girl in our company. Karkusha sure these boys keep an eye! That and look something uchudil. It was then she appears, and everything will fall into place. Mischief also must be able so that no one was hurt - so says Karkusha. She loves bright ribbons, bows and ornaments. Well, that's why she and a girl.
And Karkusha wonderful cook. Favorite meal all friends - special cake. However, Piggy always strives to take a larger piece, but Karkusha this will not work. And she likes to do her compliments. All friends happy Karkusha say what she's wonderful, beautiful and clever raven. Nowhere else are none!
The Little Bear Mishutka appeared on screen in 2002.
In the past, to meet friends, Mishutka lived in the forest. He now has a small hut, where he keeps a portion of their inventory and instruments. Mishutka loves sports, and every morning, doing exercises with our friends. After all, kids need to be strong and healthy. Mishutka loves tinkering. In his room, there is a special corner where Mishutka hours lint on their creations. Oh, what crafts out of the skillful Mishutkina paws!
Once I broke her favorite Karkusha locker. What do you think, Mishutka instantly fashioned a new, more beautiful than ever, and now Karkusha not overjoyed at him. Mishutka often do not understand many things, because life in the forest is very different from life in the city. Little Bear goes for help to fillet, and his friend always happy to help him. Sometimes Mishutka begins to miss his forest. And then it goes away for a few days. But it is sure to return. Because he was waiting for his friends and kids, who every evening watching the program "Good night, kids!".