Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

• Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

It is believed that Laika was the first dog, flown away into space, and Belka and Strelka became tailed those who managed to come back from there. This is not entirely true, but they have received their portion of glory and became celebrities.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

Photo of Belka and Strelka with their first press conference. Postcard 1960.

Since 1951, Soviet engineers and scientists were sent to space travel a lot of dogs. Initially, they flew above the atmosphere to fire rockets and immediately sent back to Earth.

It was not purebreds, and the usual yard dog. But they have to fulfill the stringent requirements. So, the dog had to be small, up to 6-7 kilograms, endurance, exercise capacity, and necessarily short-haired. Pampered pedigree Bobby demanded too much care and special food that did not suit the scientists. Paradoxically, in 1950-60-ies. any Soviet dinghy from the street could become an astronaut.

To confuse the intelligence of other countries, the dogs had several nicknames simultaneously. Often their perenazyvali the day before the start to "sound better". For example, black color dog named Snowball was named embers.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

labels, USSR, 1957. This is the first of many subsequent images of the Soviet space dogs.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

Spinner S. I. Toys Japanese firm, in 1958. Dog Laika is set to "rocket", vaguely similar to the spacecraft 'Sputnik-2 ".

November 3, 1957 in a Soviet space ship "Sputnik-2" started dog Laika. She became the first derived in Earth orbit, but, unfortunately, did not return back alive. Next, Chanterelle, and Gull, killing even at the start, when their rocket exploded.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

Artist Aristov L. portrayed Belka and Strelka in the "cockpit" missiles. Postcard 1972.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

Belka and Strelka are flying on a rocket. Christmas card 1960 artist Sveshnikov.

In August 1960, Belka and Strelka were the first animals, astronauts have flown successfully in the daily Earth orbital flight. Spacecraft "Satellite-5" makes 17 turns with a zoo on board. Besides dogs, there was a rabbit, 40 mice, rats and steam plants.

By returning Protein and arrow become celebrities. In the USSR, these wonderful dogs were immortalized in posters, candy wrappers, cigarette packs, postage stamps and postcards. Even they were released porcelain figurines in Gzhel style, in the shape of a rocket with two dogs, looking out of the windows.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

Belka and Strelka look out of the windows missiles. Ceramic jug, Gzhel.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

tin box for sweets, decorated with images of arrows and proteins. Such gifts were given to the young visitors to the Kremlin Christmas tree in 1961.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

"The Adventures of Belka and Strelka", a popular children's book by Yuri Galperin, 1961.

In the period from 1957 to 1966, eight dogs made a successful orbital flights within the Soviet space program. And even more Tuzikov flew the first rocket of the USSR in the 1950s.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

The Space Dog fly to the moon. Matchbox label in 1959.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

Ivanova Space propaganda poster artist, 1960.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

Dog asterisk on a tin box for sweets, 1960.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

Space Dog gnats on the Italian card in 1960.

Belka and Strelka - famous Soviet dog, which got fame all animals astronauts

Cover of the book "Soviet space dog."