Famous female snipers in the USSR

The Soviet Union, in contrast to many other countries, women are actively used in combat. In fact, we just had no choice - for the motherland under the flag tried to get up is not that girl, but even prisoners from the camps. Front made of sweet and gentle ladies deadly sniper precision which could envy of any professional shooter.

Famous female snipers in the USSR Famous female snipers in the USSR

BACKGROUND

As soon as the Soviet Union, more and more extended the eastern front, snipers became an integral part of the defense forces of the Red Army. Girls were ideally suited to the role of sharpshooters. According to many sources, by 1943 the Red Army, there were about two thousand women snipers.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

School of Life

In 1942, the Red Army command decided to train snipers girls on a regular basis. Girls' school sniper fire was built only a couple of kilometers from Moscow. selection criteria not frightened: any girl who graduated seven classes and not older than 26 years, could become a student.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

Team

In this school, girls were taught to work preparing the team. Crew consisted of two shooters armed with a modified Mosin rifle, equipped with a sniper scope.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

Opinion superiors

The officers of the Red Army rightly believed that women in general are more suitable for sniper case. They are less prone to stress, are more resistant to cold and more patient. In addition, the female body is more flexible than men's - an important factor in the conditions of trench warfare.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

Claudia Kalugin

Claudia Kalugin became a sniper in his tender age of seventeen. It still remains one of the most lethal marksmen in the history of the world. The confirmed number of enemies killed Claudia - 257 people.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

Lyudmila Pavlichenko

The girl, whose name has become a legend, was born in Ukraine in 1916. Ludmila went on the first call and tried to join the infantry battalion. Distributed it to snipers: 309 Nazis, including - 36 enemy snipers.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

Social Worker

The growing popularity Pavlicenco forced the Red Army Command to review its role. Derived from the battle for health reasons, she began to travel the Allied countries, inspiring the soldiers to great deeds.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

Roza Shanina

Roza Shanina was born in 1924 and voluntarily went to the office, having learned about the death of his brother, nineteen. On the front lines Rosa has quickly become one of the best shooters and was awarded many medals of distinction. In his diaries, she often describes the danger that faced the front. Roza Shanina died in combat in January 1945 in an attempt to rescue the wounded artillery officer. She was only twenty years old.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

Nina Pavlovna Petrova

The opposite case. Nina Pavlovna had already turned 48 - that did not stop a determined woman to join the militia. She went to school snipers Moscow, becoming the oldest marksman in the Army. 122 soldiers of the German fascist army - that's mite, the introduction of Peter the Great Victory. The life of this selfless woman interrupted a car accident. Until the end of the war was only a few days.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

This photo was taken May 4, 1945. 12 beauties - snipers of the First Belorussian Front. On their account at least 775 destroyed enemy units.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

Katerina Zhibovskaya-Nazarova

Katerina worked on the Baltic front, which is very effective. On her account - at least a hundred people. She was awarded the Order of Glory of the third degree posthumously.

Famous female snipers in the USSR

Kyra Petrovskaya

Kyra Petrovskaya was born in Crimea in 1918 and was drafted into the Red Army in 1941. Kira's mother and grandmother had died of starvation, which only gave the girl a desperate courage. At the end of World War II Peter theatrical career start, then he moved to the United States, where she became the author of several autobiographical books.