Mongolian bow: a powerful weapon that changed history
• Mongolian bow: a powerful weapon that changed the history of
History shows that the majority of the known empires were built mostly by fire and sword. However, when talking about the state of Genghis Khan nomadic appropriate to say that it was built onions. The effectiveness of unique weapons of the Mongols could well be compared with the efficiency of a firearm that appeared later. Mongol Empire in the early days of its development very rapidly expanding for decades on end. One of the main conditions for the victory of the Mongols was the use of new weapons and tactics on the battlefield.
Contemporaries Genghis Khan left a lot of written evidence, which in detail describe the glorious victories of the Mongolian army, noting the very unusual tactics nomads fight. Thus, riders are very fast moving and often change direction, often playing a false retreat. In this case, horse riders Mongols never for a moment stopped archery. After exhausting the enemy and lost a lot of power, the Mongol troops moved into a confident offensive.
The point is that the effectiveness of the fight with the retreat of the Mongol warriors was much higher in those days than that of any other combat soldiers they encountered in the field and who preferred to fight face to face. In addition, the army of nomads often crushes their forces for multiple simultaneous attacks, and loved ambush.
A new weapon
The invention of a new bow design was a decisive factor in the domination of the Mongol army in the field. War steppes have long been used bows with composite structures. The essence of the composite structure was to ensure to pull the wooden arch in the center of bony plates.
The Mongols also went a step further - they got rid of one of the plates, and the second was placed on the bow frontal. This was done to further strengthen the arms. As a result of this construction, the tension force has increased even more. As a result, it turned out quite powerful and very rapid-fire weapon, which often determines the outcome of the battle on the field. Thus, already in the 12th century Mongol armies had in its arsenal of weapons, which can be compared in effectiveness at medium range with the first semi-automatic firearms.