As the Swiss are building new districts
• How Swiss are building new areas of
By the building can be treated fairly utilitarian - an example can be found in any Russian city, where to place the fields build box. There is another option: to raise the issue not only in terms of construction and durability, and also in architectural terms. Architecture, like other forms of art, making our lives better. Only, unlike music, painting or cinema, the architecture is impossible to hide - every one of us every day in contact with the streets, houses, and even the door handle entrance. Therefore, a poor house or the street you can not just ignore it.
Making a comfortable environment outside the threshold and create quality new areas of need for our own future - emotions affect our way of life, attitudes towards others, and even efficiency. Still need to take into account the impact of development on the environment, the transport situation and economic development. It is difficult, but not harder! Launch a rocket into space and landing on her in the middle of the ocean platform. And what about the cost of the not so obvious! Build a good area can be really more expensive than a sleeping bag panel to the asphalt around the houses, but it is necessary to consider the cost of living at home and people, and not only the primary costs.
But fewer words and more pictures! Let's see how Basel build a new neighborhood on the site of the industrial zone!
Previously, there was a freight train station:
Now, here at home, park, children, business, and other elements of a healthy city:
From the old place left a small house, which will house a restaurant and rooms for residents:
Let's start with the main thing: there are no high-rise buildings, but the high density. There are no huge, vacant lots fields around every house, but the house is shared space on the street and the courtyard. It's not quite the usual quarter closed, because you can walk between the houses - houses dot placed on the perimeter of the quarter.
Some homes still building, so the improvement is not all completed yet. Separate waste collection for free, and to have a common underground storage tanks, but still need to buy special packages with a stuffy garbage collection. They are usually closed on the key:
Within each quarter different class. There are small single-family homes:
house with balconies class higher than the neighboring. It is easy to determine: the number of storeys above, a simple form with four corners, a neutral architecture, the lower price of build:
middle-class houses with large balconies, fewer neighbors and areas on the ground floor. The photo was taken from the street, but it's pedestrian and cycling directions with the possibility of fire and other special services. More whole area is built on the principle of society to 2000 watts - consumption is not more than 2000 watts per person. This is several times less than the national average, it is necessary to save the planet for future generations.
A variety of apartments makes the area attractive for people with different needs and wallet, which prevents the division of the city into districts for the rich and the poor. In addition, anyone can eventually improve living conditions without moving to the other end of town.
The houses are located densely, with a sense of the anthill and no one can remember their neighbors. I do not be surprised if the density is comparable with any new area of Tyumen - a spatial solutions are made differently, and do not need to lay a bunch of free places for cars - number of floors below and comfort more.
different forms of ownership, mortgages and material removal are developed in Switzerland. In this area it is possible and to buy an apartment, and removed by the non-profit builder for reasonable money - usually 30% cheaper, but other tenants must approve your candidacy. Prices in the region of about citywide.
The entrances are simple and functional. Inputs and viewed without steps:
Entrances are located on the courtyard and the street. In this case, the courtyard was above street level, so inside the entrance staircase, but even these half-floor can be reached by elevator - he sided:
Staircase - no space:
The Swiss developed very general use of the property for the economy. For example, in the houses have a common laundry with drying rooms, freezers and a rooftop terrace. More in the country is still a requirement to build bomb shelters in every (even private) house. Rule during the Second World not abolished, so in Switzerland, the highest safe places for each resident. Here a bomb shelter in the underground parking:
On the parking place all the fun: they are few and they are expensive. Places less than the apartments, and the price of each of about 12 000 rubles per month - this is higher than in the whole city.
On the other hand a lot of places for bicycles:
Pull up to the houses can be on a small street with pedestrian priority to the rear of the quarter:
to go quickly here, in principle, I do not want to. Not so much because of the high fines, but because of the narrow passages, the curvature of the trajectory and changes in coverage. Instead of pedestrian crossings signs and markings make the increase for cars:
Pay attention to landscaping: landscaping longstanding plants with a variety of colors, and the open ground covered. It is not necessary each year to plant flowers or mow the lawn every month. Nice and cheap:
Guest parking a bit, they are paid and is limited in time. Get the resident permit for them is impossible:
Yards hiking. Accomplishment of a simple and low-cost maintenance. At the same time there is quite comfortable:
The Sandbox below ground level and with a tent from the rain:
Playground simple and only for the very young - this is done to avoid noise:
Improvement of the most natural and thoughtful, though it seems simple. Make this a bit hard to take at least mounds - much easier it would be to raze everything bulldozer. But the cost of keeping such a small courtyard:
Incredibly, the blind area home can not asphalt:
Yards without gaming, trees enough to swear and do not even have outdoor barbecues - where residents have a rest? In the center of the district made a big park:
area for fairs and city events:
The free WC:
There is a quiet area with a lawn and trees, but let's look at a playground. Here you can run, shout and sing without killing nerve cells other residents:
As natural materials, it is possible not only to climb on logs and boulders, but also to explore the water world. A child may get bruised and soaked his pants, but he will understand themselves and the world around:
Next drinking fountains, for children there is a special footrest. More around the park are arranged chairs mobile tables:
Another playground, a familiar type:
Here the same principles of planning and design:
I'll be honest: I'd love to himself jumped here!
In Europe, I have rarely met a rubber coating on the playgrounds, often use mulch and other bulk materials for the repayment of possible falls. We have the same default communal shoved crumb rubber, because it is easier to remove the dirt and debris.
The site is almost completely covered with mature trees that extinguish wind and provide shade. Hang in the open tent:
But could put colorful Kremlin from xylitol!
We would like to live here?