45 facts about the Russian people
• 45 facts about the Russian people
Alexander Suvorov wrote: "We - Russian! What a delight! "Agreeing with great general, we decided to share 45 facts about the Russian people concerning different historical eras. Perhaps you already know some of them, others will surprise you for sure.
1. Koreans in the Soviet Union called the Russian "Maoz", which translates as "bearded".
2. The term "Roscii", replacing the word "Russia", began to be used is limited to the XVI century, when the idea of the "Third Rome" was born in Moscow.
3. Russian account for over 80% of Russia's population.
4. The Austrian diplomat Sigismund Herberstein XVII century, in "Notes on Muscovite Affairs" wrote that the Russian anciently called "Rosseya" - "that is, people scattered and dispersed, because Rosseya, in the language of Rus, scattering means."
5. In China, there is a Russian national Shiwei region, more than half of its population - Russian.
6. Neutral designation Russian in Finnish - "venyalyaynen". "Ryussya" - a pejorative definition.
7. The Russian is the mother tongue of 168 million people to 111 million - the second language.
8. The largest vocabulary of the Russian people - in Pushkin. It includes approximately 25,000 tokens. Same about vocabulary possessed in English Shakespeare.
9. The Russian people had 19 queens and kings of the two dynasties (Rurik, the Romanovs).
10. The Russian philosopher Ivan Ilyin wrote: "Soloviev has from 1240 till 1462 (for 222 years) - 200 wars and invasions. From the XIV century XX (for 525 years) Sukhotin has 329 years of war. Russia provoevala two-thirds of his life. " 11. The first name in Russian appeared in the XIII century, but most people had "besprozvischnymi" another 600 years.
12. In 1910, the Russian Empire occupied the last place in Europe in terms of per capita alcohol consumption, less drinking only in Norway.
13. From the middle of the XVI century and the beginning of the XIX century between Russia and Sweden had 10 wars.
14. Estonians negative designation Russian - "tybla". "Tybla" came from the treatment "you bl ...". Media Council believes that the word "tibla" is primarily used as a designation of Homo soveticus (Soviet people).
15. for the year was 12 241 war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. On average, a Russian-Turkish war from another separated for 19 years.
16. At the time of a general certification in 1930 the name was every citizen of the USSR.
17. According to Vernadsky, the word 'Russian' goes back to Iran "ruhs" (or "rohs"), which means "light, light, white."
18. During World War II, according to MV Filimoshin, killing nearly 6 million Russian.
19. The only monosyllabic adjective in Russian - "evil".
20. May 24, 1945 by Joseph Stalin was a toast: "For the Russian people!"
21. In the Russian language the word 441 from the root "Telegram". In English - 108.
22. Fashion for the name came to Russia from the Great Duchy of Lithuania.
23. The Russian themselves in ancient Rus called Rusyns and Rusak. The Bulgarian language "Rusyn" remained ethnonym to Russian up to the beginning of the XX century.
24. The word "Rosich" - a neologism author of "Lay". More this word as a self-Russian never found. 25. End "-gda" in the Central Russian place names: Vologda, Sudogda, Shogda - heritage Merya people.
26. In the Russian village of the mouth (pictured) live russkoustintsy - came from the Cossacks and the coast-dwellers. russkoustintsev dialect is extremely rare - not "akayuschy" or "okayuschy" and "shuffling".
27. The Russian language is the fifth of the total number of people speaking it.
28. Russian greeting "Hello," the researchers found for the first time in the chronicles dated 1057 year. chronicles the author wrote: "Hello, many of the summer."
28. In each Russian log hut was definitely so-called "beggar's shop" at the door - so that it could take a beggar or other unexpected guest.
29. "Bear fun" in Russia banned twice: in 1648 and in 1867, but until the 20-ies of XX century on the streets really went bears.
30. The Russian is not afraid of a fight. Fist fights were fun favorite Russian guys back in 1048 when they wrote about the chronicler Nestor.
31. In Russia, men are not met on clothes, and beard. People with ill-growing beard recognized almost degenerates. Beardless, as a rule, remained unmarried.
32. Russian folk "measurement" of alcoholic doses recorded Dahlem: "The first cup to drink - be common, a second drink - mind cheerful, triple - the mind arranged, the fourth drink - be clumsier, fifth drink - Drunk be chara sixth - thought to be different , seventh drink - be insanely, to Eighth plaiting - hands do not take, for the ninth to take - from place to rise and drink charok ten - so inevitably went berserk. "
33. Which Russian balalaika without? Nevertheless balalaika more than once banned, withdrawn from the owners and burned outside the city - struggled with clowning. The rebirth of the instrument was in the middle of the XIX century - Vasily Andreev (pictured left), a nobleman and a gifted musician, balalaika reintroduced into fashion.
34. Russian mat occurs already in the Novgorod birch bark, dating from the XI century. He then called "barking obscene" and initially included only the use of the word "mother" in the context of the vulgar.
35. Russian obscene word with the letter "B" banned Anna Ivanovna. Before that it was perfectly legal and often was used with the values of "fornication," "deception", "misleading", "heresy", "error".
36. Matryoshka is not actually Russian, and Japanese toys, but in Russia it has become a real cult.
37. The Russian people - the people-player. Already in the XII century in Chess in Russia he played not only know, but also ordinary people. This was proved by archaeological excavations. However, we would like chess to prohibit: at the Sixth Ecumenical Council offered anathematize players.
38. The most common in Russia, mobile games were rounders, skittles, baker, klyushkovanie, siskin and konyashki.
39. Not all the dishes that are considered Russian, are actually such. Dumplings originally from China, vinaigrette - from Scandinavia.
40. In Russia, the boots have different names: they are called in Nizhny Novgorod "chesankami" and "wire rod" in the Tambov and Tver regions - "Valenza" in Siberia - "pimami". Boots cashmere called "volnushechkami" and "tricks", and from the sheep - "wire rod". 41 Russian women in Russia had plenty of professions: professional mourners wept pastilschitsy prevented mass for pastes, gorshechnitsy molded pots, nauznitsy woven knots.
42. The ratio of the bread in Russia has been strictly regulated by special "bread rules" from blessing when baking until the bread is impossible to break, throw and put on the table without a tablecloth.
43. The cult of seeds of the Russian people connected with the revolution. That's when they began to "capture the city." Mikhail Bulgakov wrote in his story "The capital in the notebook": "For me, the aforesaid paradise comes at the same moment as seeds disappear in Moscow."
44. The midwife in Russia remained with the newly-made mother as much as 40 days - helped bathe, treat and vit. Vitem used to be called swaddling.
45. On the way to celebrate a wedding Russian legends. In the middle of the XIX century two families Yekaterinburg gold miners have married their children. The wedding was a whole year.