The origins of Christianity in Rus: Kostomarovskaya Spassky Monastery
• The origins of Christianity in Rus: Kostomarovskaya Spassky Monastery
The first information about Kostomarovskaya Spassky Monastery dating back to the VIII century BC. According to one of the most credible hypothesis based its Byzantine Christians who fled their native country during the time of iconoclasm. Historians and archaeologists of the Historical Society of Russia believe that this monastery can be considered that the point from which Christianity began to spread throughout the country.
Much later in the middle of the XVII century, there are written records on the nearest neighbor - Divnogorsk Monastery. At this time, the caves were Kostomarovskaya hermitage for this and Belogorskogo Monastery: elders cave revered by locals saints.
After the revolution of 1917 the new Soviet government ordered to close all the monasteries in the area. However Kostomarovskaya caves were still secret hermitage for recalcitrant in the true faith of the elders. This was maintained their former congregation of which from Christian denied very few. The only victim of the Soviet anti-religious repression of the area became a blessed elder Peter sent Ostrogozhsk jail and ended his days there.
Only in 1997 the monastery was returned to the Church again. Now there is an active restoration of the destroyed buildings. Services are held in the summer in the cave temple Spassky, parishioners gather in the winter in the ground Temple of the Holy Virgin.
We can say that the territory of the monastery is very similar to the scenery, which will see the pilgrim in the wilderness of Sinai. Chalky hills decorated with sparse vegetation, a few fauna and flora typical of the Russian evoke some melancholy, quiet mood that is so important for both locals and faithful pilgrims. The surrounding attractions are named according to the place names of the Holy Land: here has its own Golgotha, your Tabor and its Kidron.
At the base of the two chalk cliffs is the entrance into the ancient sanctuary of the monastery, the Savior Church. Its support arches ancient quadrangular column, separating the small interior space into three parts. The aisle martyresses Faith, Hope, Love and Sofia can be accessed by a small side passages, the central passage leads to reclusive cell near which has a tiny chapel and tomb.