The storm that changed the course of history
• storm that changed the course of history
Ordinary weather affect the course of history as much as the large-scale military operations. Atmospheric conditions changing conquerors plans, and to destroy the whole armada and lead to revolutions. What can people oppose the infinite power of natural disasters? Unfortunately, even today, with an incredible level of development of science and technology, we can practically does not influence the weather, let alone history remembers many situations where the weather played a fatal role.
September 5394 years BC. e. the history of the Roman Empire would have ended. A huge army of barbarians have smashed several legions upcoming final clash with the ruler of the Eastern Roman Empire, Theodosius I. In the course of history stepped in a big storm. The storm tore the weapon from the hands of barbarians and literally blew them from the battlefield. Thanks to these vagaries of nature, Theodosius was the last person who was able to unite eastern and western empire and ensure the final victory of Christianity in Rome.
Xerxes and the sea
This is just one of the cases, when the storm broke in the course of history. In 480 BC. e. Persian emperor Xerxes the Great, the water of the Dardanelles sentenced to 300 lashes: a sudden storm destroyed the pontoon bridge, which the conqueror was preparing to smuggle his army in Greece. If not for the storm, the history of the ancient world would have gone a completely different way.
The Great Armada
Xerxes was not the only conqueror, whose plans are ruined storm. When Philip II sent his great armada against England in the 1588 summer storms detained invasion two months, allowing the British to prepare for battle. The next storm Phillip turned defeat into disaster: dozens of ships and hundreds of thousands of people have died in the depths of the sea. Elizabeth I on this occasion said: "Breath of God dispelled our enemies."
What the Japanese call the kamikaze, the divine wind, twice saved the country from capturing the descendants of Genghis Khan. Invasion fleet was destroyed by storms in 1274 and 1281 - and in fact grasp the Mongols Japan, there would be no Portuguese or Spanish contact with the country.
The breath of the revolution
Devastating storms and hurricanes swept through the territory of France, July 13, 1788, destroyed almost all of the country's food stocks and ravaged fields. Reduced tax revenues and famine forced Louis XVI to assemble the States General, the French equivalent of the parliament. Poor King did not know that by doing so laid the foundation for the future of the revolution.
The Second World War
During the Second World War, all the participants have spent huge resources on weather forecasting. In England, for example, there was a secret service Thunderstorm Location Unit, whose tasks include monitoring weather conditions at the extreme importance of operations. Nevertheless, even modern technologies have not helped syuznicheskim fleets caught typhoons in the Philippines in 1944 and Okinawa in 1945.
The death of the hostages
After thirty-five years, the volatility of weather cost the world another international crisis. In 1980 attempt to rescue American hostages from Iran ended in failure: a sudden storm scattered helicopters. Due to the death of the hostages glow level in Soviet-American relations once again increased.