Last Love composer Franz Liszt, or why a tireless Casanova became a monk
• Last Love composer Franz Liszt, or why a tireless Casanova became a monk
According to eyewitnesses, the famous Hungarian composer and pianist Franz Liszt was a virtuoso not only play the piano, but also in the art of seduction of women. He is credited with novels with French countess Marie d`Agu, the notorious Spanish dancer Lola Montez, a courtesan Marie Duplessis, the Italian princess Christine Beldzhiozo, Prussian Baroness Olga von Meyendorff and others. But the duration and severity of his passion was a national of the Russian Empire, Princess Caroline Sayn -Vitgenshteyn. It was his last love, and led to the decision to take the vows.
Mother Caroline Ivanovo came from a kind of Polish aristocrats, his father was a large landowner in Kiev. The 17-year old girl was married to the son of Russian Field Marshal, Prince Nicholas Sayn-Wittgenstein. Their marriage took place on the calculation - the husband tempted by a solid dowry, and his wife received the title. Prince Wittgenstein squandering of his wife in St. Petersburg, and she was given the confidence and remained in Kiev.
On the left - Caroline Wittgenstein with his daughter, 1840. Right - Carolina Wittgenstein 1847
Carolina Wittgenstein knew about the composer Liszt long before they met and even rumored to have been in love with him in absentia. When in 1847, Franz Liszt came on tour to Kiev, Carolina came to his charity concert, organized to assist the orphans, and the ruble ticket paid a hundred rubles. This act touched by the composer, and he could not help but express his admiration for the generous aristocrat.
Their acquaintance grew into a passionate love. Continuing the tour, Liszt wrote to Carolina on the road to Odessa, "I'm losing my mind, like Romeo, of course, if you can call it crazy. Write to you, love you ... I want to make your life beautiful and new. I believe in love to you and with you, thanks to you. Without love I do not need either the sky or the ground. Let us love one another, my only ... ". After receiving this letter, Caroline then moved to Odessa.
M. Barabash. Portrait of Franz Liszt, 1847. Detail
In 37 years the composer has already fed up with numerous love affair seriously and intended to start a family. Both knew that the Emperor Nicholas I did not tolerate divorce, believing that they are the foundations of the empire shock. The woman then secretly sold off their possessions, took her daughter and ran to Liszt in Weimar. Nicholas I was furious at this act, and ordered to return to his father's daughter Mary to educate her in the spirit of Orthodoxy (the princess was Catholic). Caroline replied with a categorical refusal. Then the emperor ordered to transfer to the treasury of all the income from her estate, but then discovered that they were all sold out. In retaliation, the princess was deprived of the title.
Left - A. Lehmann. Portrait of Franz Liszt, 1839. On the right - Wilhelm von Kaulbach. Ferenc sheet 1856
Franz Liszt and Caroline Wittgenstein settled in the castle of Altenburg in Weimar, and for both it was the happiest time in my life. The new Russian Emperor Alexander II allowed divorce. Being a devout Catholic, Carolina decided to go to the Vatican to receive confirmation of divorce.
To achieve the desired it and could not, and she took it as a manifestation of God's will. What happened next surprised everyone know this unusual couple. M. Pinelli wrote: "Caroline has not only decided to devote the rest of his life of the church, which prevented her earthly happiness, but convinced and Liszt go the way of the same unshakable decision, that is put on the monk's robe and compose only sacred music ...".
In 1865 Franz Liszt became a monk and was ordained abbot Carolina also began to write books on the history of religion. On his last love of the composer remembered until the end of his days. In his will he wrote: "All that I have done for the last 12 years, I have a woman I strazhdal called his wife, which, however, prevented the evil and petty intrigues of individuals. The name of the woman he loved me - Princess Caroline Wittgenstein, née Ivanovo. I can not say it without trepidation name. She - the source of all my joys and all my sorrows istselitelnitsa! I owe her all the spiritual and moral, that is in me, as well as all of my material resources. She took care of all the hardships of my life and this is considered the wealth of their own destiny and the sole content of her luxury ... ".
Franz Liszt and the woman who became his last love