A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces

• A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces of

April 21 marks 282 years since the birth of the outstanding Russian mechanic and inventor Ivan Kulibina. His name became a household word, but most use it in an ironic context: "I, too Kulibin" - when someone comes up with something entertaining, but futile. With this attitude Kulibin had to put up and during the lifetime. The Academy of Sciences of his invention ridiculed, although they were no less revolutionary than the opening of Leonardo da Vinci. But the eccentric self-taught loved women, and the Empress was kind to him.

A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces

Lantern Searchlight Kulibina

Kulibin was born in 1735 in a family of Old Believer merchants and all life held the traditions of the Old Believers: do not play cards, did not smoke tobacco, not to drink alcohol, wore a beard. Even when Catherine II invited him to shave his beard in exchange for the nobility, he chose to remain in the merchant class. However, the Empress is easy on the oddities Kulibina - he was the author of so many revolutionary inventions of that time, he had the right to their own eccentricities.

A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces

The clock started Kulibin for Empress

The great inventor was a self-taught: he never went to school and mastered the mechanics of their own. In his room were assembled all available at the moment means for turning, plumbing and other work. Acquaintance of his father, a merchant Kostromin, noticed his talent and encouraged him to make extraordinary hours to present them to the Empress.

A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces

Kulibin coped with the task in spite of the fact that the work has stopped for a while - he was fascinated by the creation of a microscope - watch to get a really unusual. They were made in the form of duck eggs, which every hour opens a small door, and behind them could be seen the Holy Sepulcher and guard his guard. The clock was also a music phone with a few tunes. Catherine appreciated the gift and talent of the inventor and soon Kulibina appointed head of the mechanical workshop Petersburg Academy of Sciences.

A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces

The project odnoarochnogo bridge across the Neva

Kulibin led workshops of the Academy of Sciences for 30 years, offering a considerable number of inventions: a 300-meter odnoarochny bridge across the Neva, screw elevator, a spotlight, a mechanical prosthetic leg, river self-propelled vessel with water acting engine, which could swim against the current, optical telegraph, mechanical crew treadle and others.

A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces

amphibious ship Kulibina

Unfortunately, most of his inventions have remained projects. None of Kulibina bridge was not built, despite the successful test of a reduced model odnoarochnogo bridge. Built for the Empress lift - "lifting seat", to move in a special shaft with a screw mechanism - after the death of Catherine did not use, and mine laid brick.

A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces

Model * * samobegloy stroller Kulibina

Kulibina invention in no hurry to implement, as the pundits regarded them with suspicion and even irony. Without self-taught engineering education, none of them did not take seriously, he was regarded as an eccentric and a swindler. The bridge was ridiculed: that the ignoramus does not know basic things, and offers a design that immediately collapses. Director of the Academy of Sciences Ekaterina Dashkova for some reason did not like the inventor. Kulibin wrote student Ivan Pyaterikova: "I work a lot and hard, but the position of my proudest among academics by no means pleasant, and I just worked hard drowns sorrow that they cause me incessantly with their ridicule and contempt appeal to me, a poor self-taught."

A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces

Model * * samobegloy stroller Kulibina

They say the great inventor was very loving and enjoyed great success with women. Neither eccentricities Kulibina nor his conservatism in everyday life and habits are not deterred women. He was distinguished by a cheerful disposition, she loved to attend soirees where willingly joker, wittily answered any ridicule, was able to win. Besides Kulibin wrote poetry and looked very unusual, always in a long coat, high boots, with a bushy beard, he seemed the fair sex extravagant and mysterious, which further attracts them.

A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces

Lantern Searchlight Kulibina

Kulibin was married three times, and the third time he got married 70 years. He had 12 children and three of them were in the third marriage, when the inventor was over 70. All the boys, he gave a good education, and they have become a mining engineer.

A self-taught mechanic Ivan Kulibin and his masterpieces

The monument to Ivan Kulibin in Nizhny Novgorod