What it is the steepest railway in the world
• What is the coolest in the world of the railway
Pilatusban considered the steepest railway in the world. The entire route from the city Alpnahshtadt to the top of Mount Pilatus train passes for half an hour, making a couple of stops along the way.
The most dangerous part of the railway Pilatusban - in the end, when the train enters the tunnel, and tourists frantically pressed into the seat. Here begins a veritable Swiss extreme.
Pilatus - a mountain range in the Swiss Alps, one of the places where "must visit". Get to the top of the mountain in three ways: on the cog railway (from Alpnachstad), by cable car (from Kriens) or on foot. Any way to lift an unforgettable experience, the main thing - to guess the weather. And it is changeable - rain can change a sunny day with no warning, and vice versa. And it sometimes several times per day.
Pilatusban - an old railway, it opened in 1889, and in 1937 it was electrified.
The construction of the railway was carried out by the engineer with a talking name Eduard Locher. Interestingly, when he proposed the construction project with two horizontally moving gears, called him a freak. Today Locher system - one of the most common designs gearing railways.
For information: cog railway - rail mode of transport, motor cars (or a locomotive) is equipped with one or more gears. They are included in the motion. Rails laid between conventional rack, which meshes with a toothed wheel of the locomotive (or carriages). This technology provides a better grip on the rails during elevations on slopes of up to 16% or more (dry conditions) and up to 14% (under wet conditions).
Currently, there are more than 150 cog railway. Operated continuously (winter and summer) - 60 roads. 50% of all existing roads are in Switzerland.
The country has the longest experience in the operation of such roads, the most modern rolling stock of its own production and the most steep roads (28% and 48% slope). Additionally, Swiss road mostly profitability and efficiency.
Boasting jagged roads may also Austria, Germany, Hungary and a number of Latin American countries (Brazil, Chile).
Use them as a way to move on tourist routes in mountainous terrain or urban passenger transport (for example, in Budapest, Zurich and Stuttgart). On the territory of Russia cog railways are absent.
On the route Pilatusban ply 10 cars with a capacity of 40 people each. The maximum capacity of the road - 340 people per hour. Average speed - 9-12 km / h.
Inside the cars clean and the interior in the style of 50-ies of the last century. In the eye catches manual windows and the words "Do not lean out of the windows." This is important - there are sections of the road, where, pulling his hand out of the window, you can pick mountain flowers or touch the rock.
Sitting in the car need to face the top of Pilatus. On the left side - landscapes of mountains, cliffs, meadows, forests, and on the right is added to them stunning views of the lake and towns.
Well, around, as well as throughout Switzerland, heard the bells of grazing cows. Those who are interested in the train control process, can sit in the first car and observe the operator's work.
30 minutes on the road pass in a flash. Along the route the train makes a brief stop.
One of them, on Amsigen station lasts a couple of minutes - here the farmers to buy cheese. But not in Russia - from the window of the train or on the platform, and go into the house, taste the cheese. Once the train does not wait for the tasters, they will have to get to the next scheduled train.
The final section of the route is the most exciting - a passage through tunnels carved into the rocks, these are the slopes of 48%, it breaks in the tens of meters in height in meter from the train.
In a head the question immediately arises: "How long are we going to fly, if denied the brakes?" Joke! Thoughts on the other - not to drop the camera and do not have to break his neck at the entrance to another tunnel. The only negative of the trip on the road, on which, however, do not pay attention - this is the noise of gears.
At the top of Mount Pilatus Kulm what is there - hotels, restaurants, cafes, souvenir shops, indoor and outdoor observation decks and five hiking trails with a height difference of up to 60 m.
What to do: looking at scenery outside the window and click the camera shutter while traveling by train on the railway Pilatusban road. How to get there: Alpnahshtadt is located at the foot of Mount Pilatus. Alpnahshtadta can reach the train from Lucerne (about 30 minutes) or ferry berth from №2 (1 hour).
Equipment: Reach out and disrupt the Alpine flower, the window can not be put out in spite of the temptation.
Infrastructure: The train consists of 10 wagons.
How to improve the experience: go to one of the intermediate stops and buy cheese from local farmers. However, then you have to stay and take the next train.
Entrance fee: 68 Swiss francs.
Schedule: from 8:10 to 17:50. Back to the last train leaves at 18:45.
Where to stay: in Lucerne or in the hotel at the top of Mount Pilatus.
What to bring to the memory of cheese from the local farmers, many photos and impressions.